Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
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Special Issue on Selected Papers from the Tenth International Symposium on Graph Drawing, GD 2002
Straight-line Drawings of Binary Trees with Linear Area and Arbitrary Aspect Ratio
Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 135-160, 2004. Regular paper.
Abstract Trees are usually drawn planar, i.e. without any edge-crossings. In this paper, we investigate the area requirement of (non-upward) planar straight-line grid drawings of binary trees. Let T be a binary tree with n nodes. We show that T admits a planar straight-line grid drawing with area O(n) and with any pre-specified aspect ratio in the range [n−ϵ,nϵ], where ϵ is any constant, such that 0 < ϵ < 1. We also show that such a drawing can be constructed in O(nlogn) time. In particular, our result shows that optimal area (equal to O(n)) and optimal aspect ratio (equal to 1) are simultaneously achievable for such drawings.
Submitted: April 2003.
Revised: May 2004.
Communicated by Xin He