Rectilinear Planarity of Partial 2-Trees


  • Walter Didimo
  • Michael Kaufmann
  • Giuseppe Liotta
  • Giacomo Ortali



graph drawing , orthogonal drawing , rectilinear planarity testing , partial 2-trees , series-parallel graphs


A graph is rectilinear planar if it admits a planar orthogonal drawing without bends. While testing rectilinear planarity is NP-hard in general (Garg and Tamassia, 2001), it is a long-standing open problem to establish a tight upper bound on its complexity for partial 2-trees, i.e., graphs whose biconnected components are series-parallel. We describe a new $O(n^2)$-time algorithm to test rectilinear planarity of partial 2-trees, which improves over the current best bound of $O(n^3 \log n)$ (Di Giacomo et al., 2022). Moreover, for partial 2-trees where no two parallel-components in a biconnected component share a pole, we are able to achieve optimal $O(n)$-time complexity. Our algorithms are based on an extensive study and a deeper understanding of the notion of orthogonal spirality, introduced several years ago (Di Battista et al., 1998) to describe how much an orthogonal drawing of a subgraph is rolled-up in an orthogonal drawing of the graph.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Didimo, W., Kaufmann, M., Liotta, G., & Ortali, G. (2023). Rectilinear Planarity of Partial 2-Trees. Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications, 27(8), 679–719.