Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
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Special Issue on Selected Papers from the Tenth International Symposium on Graph Drawing, GD 2002
Simple and Efficient Bilayer Cross Counting
Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 179-194, 2004. Regular paper.
Abstract We consider the problem of counting the interior edge crossings when a bipartite graph G=(V,E) with node set V and edge set E is drawn such that the nodes of the two shores of the bipartition are drawn as distinct points on two parallel lines and the edges as straight line segments. The efficient solution of this problem is important in layered graph drawing. Our main observation is that it can be reduced to counting the inversions of a certain sequence. This leads directly to an O(|E|log|V|) algorithm based on merge sorting. We present an even simpler O(|E|log|Vsmall|) algorithm, where Vsmall is the smaller cardinality node set in the bipartition of the node set V of the graph. This algorithm is very easy to implement. Our computational experiments on a large collection of instances show that it performs well in comparison to previously published algorithms, which are much more complicated to understand and implement.
Submitted: March 2003.
Revised: October 2004.
Communicated by Xin He